A Dialogue with Ummachchi by S.H.M. Jameel (Tamil)

(A Dialogue with Ummachchi by S.H.M. Jameel)

jpdfud; – 22 etk;gh; 1998

 

fyhepjp my;`h[; v.vk;.v. m]P]; mth;fs; aho;g;ghzj;jpy; gpwe;J mq;NfNa jdJ ,sikf; fhyj;ijf; fopj;jth; Mthh;.

mtuJ ,sikf; fhyj;ijg;gw;wp mtuJ cwtpdh;fSld; fye;JiuahLk;nghOJ ~~ck;khr;rp|| vDk; ngah; mbf;fb gpu];jhgpf;fg;gLtJz;L. kpf ,sk; tajpNyNa jhia ,oe;j m]P]; vDk; Foe;ijiar; rPuhl;b tsh;j;J> mt;td;ig mth; ,wf;Fk; tiu njhlh;e;J nrYj;jp te;j mtuJ rpwpa jhahNu ck;khr;rp vd;gtuhthh;. ~ck;khtpd; jq;fr;rp| vd;gNj ,t;thW kUtpajhff; $Wth;.

1970fspy; ck;khr;rpapd; kfshd rpj;jp fjP[h vdJ Cuhd rha;e;jkUJ}hpy; Fbgjpahdhh;. md;wpypUe;J ck;khr;rpAk; rha;e;jkUJ}hpy; kfSld; trpf;f Muk;gpj;jhh;. ,jdhy; mbf;fb ,tiur; re;jpj;J ePz;lNeuk; mstshTk; tha;g;G vdf;Ff; fpilj;jJ. mt;Ntisfspw; jpul;ba jfty;fisf; nfhz;lNj ,f;fl;LiuahFk;.

m]P]pd; gpwg;G

aho;g;ghzk; Nrhdfj;njUit mz;bAs;s Ki`jPd; gs;spthry; xOq;ifapNyNa v.vk;.v. m]P]; gpwe;j tPL mike;jpUe;jJ. ,tuJ jhahhpd; je;ijahfpa ~,uhrhj;jp mg;gh| vd miof;fg;gl;l K`k;kJ Ry;jhd; mg;Jy; fhjUf;F (,tiu NrFf; fz;L vdTk; miog;gh;) ,uz;L gps;isfs;. ,UtUk; ngz;fs;. %j;jth; m]P]pd; jhahuhd Ry;jhd; Ki`jPd; ehr;rpah. ,isath; ck;khr;rp vd miof;fg;gl;l kPuh Ki`jPd; ehr;rpah.

Ry;jhd; Ki`jPd; ehr;rpahit rl;lj;juzp K`k;kJ mg+gf;fh; tpthfk; nra;jhh;. ,th;fSf;F 1911Mk; Mz;L xf;Nlhgh; khjk; 4Mk; jpfjp %j;j Gjy;tuhf m]P]; gpwe;jhh;. 1918,y; ,uz;lhtJ gps;isahfj; jh`h gpwe;jhh;. ,g;gps;is gpwe;j Ie;jhtJ ehs; xU nts;spf;fpoik Ry;jhd; Ki`jPd; ehr;rpah Rthj tUj;jj;jpdhy; kuzkile;jhh;. ,uz;lhtJ gps;is jh`hTk; xd;gJ khjkha; ,Uf;Fk;nghOJ ,we;J tpl;lhh;. ,jdhy; m]P]; jhiaAk; xNunahU cld; gpwg;igAk; ,oe;jtuhdhh;.

jhahh; kuzpf;Fk; nghOJ m]P]{f;F taJ 7. md;wpypUe;J jdJ mg;ghthd ,uhrhj;jp mg;ghtpdJk; mtuJ kidtpapdJk; guhkhpg;gpYk; rpwpa jhahh; ck;khr;rpapd; mutizg;gpYk; tsu Muk;gpj;jhh;.

rpwpa jhahh; kPuhd; Ki`jPd; ehr;rpah 1916Mk; Mz;by; K`k;kJ ,g;wh`pk; ]h`pg; vd;gtiu tpthfk; nra;jpUe;jhh; vdpDk; jdJ %j;j rNfhjhp ,wf;Fk; nghOJ mtUf;Fg; gps;isfs; vJTk; gpwe;jpUf;ftpy;iy. vdNt mtuJ %j;j Gjy;tdhfNt m]P]; fUjg;gl;L tsh;f;fg;gl;lhh;. mjw;Fg; gpd;dh; jhd; 1920,y; ]h`{y; `kPj;> 1923,y; rpj;jp fjP[h> 1925 ,y; E}Wy; n[]Pkh MfpNahh; ,tUf;Fg; gps;isfshfg; gpwe;jdh;. ,th;fSs; rpj;jp fjP[hNt rha;e;jkUJ}hpy; Fbgjpahfp> ck;khr;rpapd; kuzj;jpd; gpd;dUk; mq;NfNa tho;e;J tUfpwhh;.

je;ij mg+gf;fh; ,uz;lhk; jhukhf Map\h ck;kh vd;gtiu kzk; Kbj;jhh;. ,th;fSf;Fg; gpwe;j Foe;ijfs; \hPgh> mGy; `]d;> w`Pkh> mg;Jy; ]yhk;> K`k;kJ m\;u/g;> K`k;kJ jh`h> ngs]pah vd;Nghuhth;.

m]P]; gpwe;J> tsh;e;j tPL> mf;fhyj;jpy; trjp gilj;jth;fs; tPL fl;Lk; Kiwg;gbahf ehd;F gf;fKk; miwfisAk; eLtpy; jpwe;j Kw;wj;ijAk; nfhz;ljhFk;. ,k;Kw;wk; vg;NghJk; nts;is kzy; gug;gg;gl;L kpfTk; Rj;jkha; ,Uf;Fk;. tprhykhd gpd;tstpy; tpsh kuk; xd;W epd;wJ. mJ tUlh tUlk; ngUe;njhif fdpfisj; jUk;. ,jpy; Kf;fpak; vd;dntd;why; mk;kuj;jpy; vtUk; fha;fis Ma;tjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gLtjpy;iy. mJ gOj;J tpOk; tiuAk; fhj;jpUg;gh;. mt;thW fdpe;J tpOk; tpshk;goj;jpd; cUrpiag; gw;wpAk;> ck;khr;rp fhiy Ntisfspy; jahhpj;Jf; nfhLf;Fk; ghyhil vdg;gLk; cztpd; cUrpiag; gw;wpAk; jdJ ,Wjpf;fhyk; tiu m]P]; fpyhfpj;jf; $Wthh;.

,sk; gpuhaj;jpypUe;Nj mlf;fk;> ey;nyhOf;fk;> Gj;jp rhJhpak;> ,iwgf;jp> ,uf;f Rghtk;> Rw;wj;jhiug; Ngzy; vDk; ew;Fzq;fs; mthplk; epiwa ,Ue;jd. tPl;bYs;s nghpNahh;fs; mtiu ~mg;Jy;| vd;Wk; rNfhju> rNfhjhpfs; ~nghd;dpf; fhf;fh| vd;Wk; md;Gld; miog;gh;. nghd;idg; Nghd;w epwKilatuhapUe;jjhNyNa mt;thW miof;fg;gl;lhh;.

Muk;gf; fy;tp

jdJ NguDf;Fr; rpwe;j fy;tpia toq;Ftjpy; ,uhrhj;jp mg;gh kpff; ftdkhapUe;jhh;. khh;f;ff; fy;tpiaAk; Mq;fpyf; fy;tpiaAk; toq;Ftjw;fhd Vw;ghLfis mth; nra;jhh;. 1941,y; ,wf;Fk; tiu ,uhrhj;jp mg;gh jdJ %j;j NguDld; kpfTk; NerkhapUe;jhh;.

jdJ tPl;Lf;fUkhikapypUe;j my;yh`; gpr;irg; gs;sp vDk; Fh;Md; kj;u]htpy; jdJ khh;f;ff; fy;tpia m]P]; ngw;whh;. ,k;kj;u]h fl;blNk gpd;dh; K`k;kjpa K];ypk; fytd; ghlrhiyahf khwp mjd; gpd;dh; fjP[h k`h tpj;jpahyaj;jpd; Muk;gg; gphpthf ,aq;fpaJ. ,f;fhy fl;lj;jpy; k];ucj;jPd; kj;u]h> kd;gcy;cY}k; kj;u]h Mfpa Vida ,U Fh;Md; kj;u]hf;fSkhf Nrhdfj; njUtpy; %d;W kju]hf;fs; ,aq;fpd. mf;fhyj;jpy; tof;fpy; ,Ue;j muGj; jkpio vOJtjw;Fk; thrpg;gjw;Fk; ck;khr;rpaplk; ,Ue;Jk; Vida nghpath;fsplk; ,Ue;Jk; fw;Wf; nfhz;lhh;.

Muk;gf; fy;tpia tz;zhh;gz;iz itj;jP];tuh tpj;jpahyaj;jpy; ngw;whh;. Nfhbl;l nts;isr; rhuDLj;J mjw;F Nkyhy; Nrl; mzpe;J Njhspd; ,U GwKk; nebjhfj; njhq;Fk; kbg;Gr; rhy;it mzpe;J JUf;fpj; njhg;gpAk; mzpe;Nj ghlrhiyf;Fr; nry;thh;.

,jd; gpd;dh; aho;g;ghzk; ,e;Jf; fy;Y}hpapw; fw;W gy;fiyf;fofk; nrd;whh;.

,sk; gpuhaj;jpypUe;Nj fy;tp fw;gjpy; mjpf mf;fiw nrYj;jpdhh;. fl;bypd; jiykhl;by; xU njhifg; Gj;jfj;ij vg;NghJk; mLf;fp itj;jpUg;ghh;. ifapy; xU Gj;jfk; vg;NghJk; fhzg;gLk;. rhg;gpl mioj;jhYk; Gj;jfj;JlNdNa tUthh;. jdf;F kpfTk; gpbj;j E}y;fSs; xd;whd f]]{y; md;gpahit vg;NghJk; ck;khr;rpf;F thrpj;J tpsf;Fthh;. gd;dpU jpUKiwj; jpul;ilAk; KOf;f kddk; nra;jpUe;jhh;. mf;fhy fl;lj;jpy; aho;g;ghzk; Nrhdfj; njUtpy; Mq;fpyk; gbj;jth;fspd; njhif kpff; Fiwthf ,Ue;jJ. mth;fSs; m]P]{k; xUtuhthh;.

khiy Ntisfspy; jkJ tPl;Lf;fUfpy; ,Ue;j fyh epiyak; vDk; ,lj;jpy; jd; ez;gh;fNshL nghOijf; fopg;ghh;. F. Nrdhjpuhrh> Rg;gpukzpak; Mfpa ,UtUk; mtuJ neUq;fpa ez;gh;fshth;. ez;gh; Rg;gpukzpak; xU Kiw ghPl;ir xd;Wf;F tpz;zg;gpf;fg; Nghjpa gzkpy;yhJ jtpj;j nghOJ jdJ rpwpa jhahhplk; mj;njhifiag; ngw;W m]P]; cjtpdhh;. ,jid Rg;gpukzpak; gpw;fhyj;jpy; vd;WNk epidT$h;e;J nfhz;Nl ,Ug;ghh;. khiy Ntisfspy;> vq;F nrd;whYk; MW kzpf;F Kd;dh; tPL te;J Nrh;e;J tplNtz;Lk; vd;gJ uhrhj;jp mg;ghtpd; fz;bg;ghd fl;lisahFk;. mjid m]P]; vd;WNk kPwpaJ fpilahJ.

ngz;fy;tpapy; mf;fiw

ngz;fs; vj;jifa fy;tpAk; ngw mDkjpf;fg;glhJ mlq;fpf; fple;j fhyj;jpNyNa jdJ rNfhjhpfs; Mq;fpy nkhopf; fy;tpapidg; ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;gjpy; m]P]; kpfTk; mf;fiwaha; ,Ue;jhh;. nfhOk;gpy; gbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j mth; aho;g;ghzj;Jf;F yPtpy; tUk;Nghnjy;yhk; jdJ jq;ifkhh; gbg;igj; njhluNtz;Lk; vd kpfTk; tw;GWj;Jthh;. ,t;tw;GWj;jypd; fhuzkhfNt rpj;jp fjP[h Muk;gj;jpy; kd;gcy; cY}k; kj;u]htpYk; mjidj; njhlh;e;J itj;jP];tu tpj;jpahyaj;jpYk; aho;g;ghzk; jpUf;FLk;g fd;dpah; klj;jpYk; fy;tp fw;W yz;ld; nkw;wpFNy\d; ghPl;irapy; rpj;jpaile;J Mq;fpy Mrphpia Mdhh;. mf;fhyj;jpy; nkw;wpFNy\d; tiuAk; fy;tp fw;w K];ypk; ngz;fs; ,e;ehl;by; XhpUtNuahth;.

FLk;gg; gw;W

nfhOk;gpy; m]P]; fy;tp fw;Wf; nfhz;bUe;j fhyj;jpy; yPtpy; CUf;F tUfpwhnud;why; rNfhju> rNfhjhpfSf;F ngUk; nfhz;lhl;lkha; ,Uf;Fk;. mth; tUtjw;F xU thuj;jpw;F Kd;Ng jpfjp Fwpg;gpl;Lf; fbjk; tUk;. nghd;dpf; fhf;fh tUfpd;w ehis xt;nthd;whf vz;zpf; nfhz;bUg;gh;. mth; tPL te;J Nrh;e;jJk; ngUk; nfhz;lhl;lkha; ,Uf;Fk;. ngUe;njhif mg;gps; goq;fisAk; jpuhl;irg; goq;fisAk; g+rzpf;fha; NjhRk; thq;fp te;J tpepNahfpg;ghh;.

,yq;if rptpy; Nritg; ghPl;irapy; rpj;jpaile;jTld; ehlshtpa hPjpapy; m]P]{f;F ngUk; kTR Vw;gl;lJ. Vnddpy; ,e;ehl;by; rptpy; Nritapy; Nrh;j;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;l KjyhtJ K];ypk; mtNu Mthh;. mf;fhy fl;lj;jpy; ,g;gjtp kpfTk; nry;thf;Fg; ngw;wjhf tpsq;fpaJ. mj;jifa Nritapy; Nrh;e;jTld; MzoF nghUe;jpa mtiu khg;gps;isahfg; ngWtjw;F ehl;bd; gy ghfq;fspypUe;Jk; ngUk; jdte;jh;fs; Kaw;rp nra;jdh;. vdpDk;> mtuJ khkh KiwapdUk; nfhOk;G ]h`puhf; fy;Y}happy; jiyik Mrphpauhff; flikahw;wpatUkhd v.v];. mg;Jy; fhjh; m]P]{f;F nfhOk;gpNyNa jpUkzj;ij Kbj;J itj;jhh;. ,e;j mg;Jy; fhjh;jhd; ,yq;ifapd; KjyhtJ K];ypk; gapw;wg;gl;l Mq;fpy Mrphpauhthh;. mjd; %yk; m]P]; nfhOk;gpNyNa epue;jukhf trpf;f Muk;gpj;jhh;.

,Ug;gpDk;> jd; tho;ehs; KOtJk; aho;g;ghzj;JlDk; jdJ FLk;gj;jhh; Rw;wj;jhUlDkhd njhlh;Gfs; mWe;JtplhJ ele;J nfhz;lhh;. rptpy;Nrit cj;jpNahfj;juhf mth; aho;g;ghzj;jpw; fye;Jnfhz;l KjyhtJ epfo;r;rp egpfs; ehafk; (]y;) gpwe;j jpd tpohthFk;. jdJ nfhOk;G ,y;yj;jpd; Kd;Gw thrypy; gidkunkhd;iw ehl;bdhh;. nebJah;e;j me;j xw;iwg; gid mtuJ gpwe;j kz;iz vg;NghJk; epidt+l;bf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. jdJ ,isa kfd; ,f;ghYf;Fk; aho;g;ghzj;jpNyNa kzkfisj; Njh;e;njLj;jhh;. ck;khr;rpAldhd NerKk; ghrKk; vd;Wk; njhlh;;e;jpUe;jJ. mbf;fb nfhOk;Gf;F te;J m]P]{ld; khjf; fzf;fpy; ck;khr;rp jq;fp tpl;Lr; nry;thh;. ,Nj Nghd;W m]P]pd; kidtpAk; gps;isfshd khPdh> myp> ,f;ghy; MfpNahUk; ck;khr;rpAlDk; m]P]pd; FLk;gj;jpdUlDk; kpf neUf;fkhd cwitf; nfhz;bUe;jdh;. mjdhw;whd; m]P]{k; mtiu tsh;j;njLj;j ck;khr;rpAk; ,we;J gy tUlq;fshfpAk; $l> m]P]pd; gps;isfs; rha;e;jkUJ}hpy; thOk; ck;khr;rpapd; kfs; rpj;jp fjP[hTld; Nerkhd cwTfis ,d;Wk; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdh;.

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