Contribution of Asena Lebbe Alim Pulavar for the Development of Arabic-Tamil (Tamil)

(Contribution of Asena Lebbe Alim Pulavar for the Development of Arabic-Tamil)

(jpdfud; – 1963Mk; Mz;L brk;gh; khjk; 18Mk; jpfjp Gjd;fpoik)

Qhgfhh;j;j tpoh vLf;f Ntz;ba rpwg;gpidg; ngw;w xUtuJ epidtpid vj;jpdj;jd;W epidT $Utnjd;gJgw;wp kpFe;j Rthurpakhd xU rh;r;ir eilngWtJ tof;fk;. ,we;j jpdj;ijf; nfhz;lhl Ntz;Lnkd;NghUk; gpwe;j jpdj;ijNa nfhz;lhl Ntz;Lnkd;NghUk; jj;jk; nfhs;iffis typAWj;jp epw;gh;.

Mdhy; uh[h[p mth;fs;> Xhplj;jpy; epidT jpdq;fspid ,we;j jpdj;jd;Nw nfhz;lhl Ntz;Lnkdf; $wpAs;shh;. epidT tpohf; nfhz;lhlg; ngWk; jFjpAila xUth;> gpwe;j jpdj;jd;W kw;w ve;j kdpjiuAk; kpQ;Rk; vf;fhhpaj;ijAk; nra;Jtpltpy;iy vd;Wk;> ,we;j jpdj;jd;Nw mth; kw;w kdpjh;fspdpd;Wk; gphpe;J epw;Fk; rpwg;GW rhjidfisaPl;batuhf tpsq;fpapUg;ghnud;Wk; $wpa uh[h[p> ,we;j jpdj;jd;Nw epidT tpohf;fspidf; nfhz;lhl Ntz;Lnkdf; $wpAs;shh;.

,f; fl;Liu ehafuhfpa aho;g;ghzj;J tz;zhh;gz;iz nra;F. R. K`k;kJ mrdhnyg;ig Mypk; Gyth; mth;fisg; nghWj;j kl;by;> ehk; ,we;j jpdj;ijNa epidT jpdkhf nfhz;lhl Ntz;bapUf;fpd;wJ. mth; gpwe;j jpdj;ijNah my;yJ gpwe;j tUlj;ijNah jpl;ltl;lkhff; $w KbahjpUf;fpd;wikNa fhuzkhFk;. Mdhy; mth; ,we;j jpdk; gw;wp vj;jifa re;NjfKk; fpilahJ. Gyth; mth;fspd; jk;gpahUk; vdJ mUikj; je;ijahUkhfpa kh;`{k; [dhg; v];. vk;. mg+gf;fh; mth;fs; jkJ Fwpg;Ngl;by; mth; kiwTgw;wpf; Fwpj;Js;shh;. 1918Mk; Mz;L bnrk;gh; khjk; 18Mk; jpfjp Gjd;fpoikad;W K];ypk; ehl; fzf;Fg;gb wgpa;Ay; mt;ty; khjk; gjpd;%d;whtJ gpiwad;W Gyth; mth;fs; nksj;jhdhh;;.

KjyhtJ ,yq;if K];ypk; vOJtpidQh;

<oj;jpypUe;J mwGj; jkpo; ,yf;fpak; tsh;j;j jiyrpwe;j jkpo;g; Gyth; md;W kiwe;jhh;. aho;g;ghzj;Jj; jkpo;g; Gyth;fSk; njd;dpe;jpa K];ypk; Gyth;fSk; tho;j;jpg; gutpa tuftpnahUth; md;W fhykhdhh;. murhq;fj;jpdhy; elj;jg;gLk; vOJtpidQh; ghPl;irapy; Njwpa Kjy; ,yq;if K];ypk; vdf; fUjg;glj;jf;fth; md;W fhykhdhh;. gyuhYk; Nghw;wg;gl;l> rw`{ newp jtwhj ,];yhkpa gf;jh; md;W kiwe;jhh;.

Gyth; mrdhnyg;ig mth;fsJ tho;T gyJiw Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhz;l xU tho;thFk;. <oj;J K];ypk;fs; tho;tpy; ,lk;ngw Ntz;ba gz;Gfs; mj;jidiaAk; vLj;Jf;fhl;Ltjhf mikfpd;wJ mth; tho;T.

gpujk ,ypfpjh;

,wf;Fk;nghOJ mth; aho;g;ghz tlkhfhzg; nghwpapayhsh; mYtyfj;jpy; gpujk fzf;F ,ypfpjuhf ,Ue;jhh;. 1890Mk; Mz;L Nk khjk; Kjyhk; jpfjp mth; vOJtpidQh; ghPl;irapy; rpj;jpnaa;jp ,g;gjtpiag; ngw;whh;. Mdhy; mjw;F Kd;dUk; mth; aho;g;ghzf; fr;Nrhpapy;jhd; flikahw;wp te;jhh;. mf;fhyj;jpy; tof;fpypUe;j fPo;epiy vOJtpidQh; Nritapy; 1.7.1888 Kjy; Nrh;e;j mth;> 1870Mk; Mz;bw;Fk; 1874Mk; Mz;bw;Fk; ,ilapy; gpwe;jpUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

iggps; ghpR

aho;g;ghzj;J tz;zhh;gz;iziar; Nrh;e;jtUk; Mtuk;gl;il> khd;nfhk;G Kjypatw;iw Vw;Wkjp nra;Ak; tzpfj; Jiwapy; <Lgl;bUe;jtUkhfpa Ry;jhd; K`paj;jPd; vd;gtuJ kfdhfg; gpwe;jhh; mrdhnyg;ig mth;fs;. mf;fhyj;J K];ypk;fs; ,q;fpyp\; fy;tpia mJ fpwp];Jtj;NjhL ,uz;lwf; fye;jJ vd epidj;J> ntWj;njhJf;fpdh;. vdpDk; mrdhnyg;ig ,q;fpyp\; ghlrhiy xd;wpw;Nf mDg;gg;gl;lhh;. MWKf ehtyh; mth;fs; fy;tp gapd;w mNj nkjb];j fy;Y}hpapNyNa ,tUk; fy;tp gapd;whh;. mf; fy;Y}hpapy; tUlh tUlk; mspf;fg;gLk; iggps; ghpirAk; ngw;w mrdhnyg;ig ,t;tpaj;jF rhjidahy; murhq;f mjpguJ ftdj;ijAk; <h;j;jhnud;W $Wth;. mf;fhyj;jpy; toq;fg;ngw;w ghlrhiyg; ghprpy;fs; epjpg; ghprpy;fshf ,Ue;jikapdhy; ghlrhiyf; rk;gsk; mtw;wpdpw;W fopf;fg;ngWtJ tof;fk;. ghprpw; gzj;ijf; nfhz;Nl jdJ kfd; gbg;ig Kbj;jhh; vd mrdhnyg;igapd; jfg;gdhh; mbf;fb $Wthuhk;. mrdhnyg;ig mth;fs; jd; gbg;Gj;jpwj;jpdhy; xU rpwpJ fhyj;jpw;Fs; jikadhUld; xNu tFg;gpy; fy;tp gapd;whh;. nkw;wpf;FNyrd; ghPl;irapy; rpj;jpnaa;jpa gpd;dh; jk;G ePjthdpd; fPo; rl;lj;Jiwg;gapw;rp ngw;W te;jhh;. ,tuJ Mw;wy;fisawpe;j jk;G ePjthd; ,tiug; ~~Gnwf;luhfg;|| gbf;FkhW Ntz;bdhh;. Mdhy; ,tNuh mj;njhopypy; jhk; vy;yhf; fhyj;Jk; cz;ikiaf; $w KbahnjdTk; mjdhy; mj;njhopiyj; jhk; Nkw;nfhs;s tpUk;gtpy;iy vd;Wk; $wpdhh;.

ehtyhpd; gpd;

gbg;G Kbe;j gpd;dh; ,th; cj;jpNahf Ntiyahff; nfhOk;G nry;Yk;tiu (1890) jkpo; gbg;gjpNyNa jdJ g+uz ftdj;ijAQ; nrYj;jpdhh;. ed;D}y;> njhy;fhg;gpak; Nghd;w ,yf;fz E}y;fis Iae;jphpguf; fw;w fhyk; ,J. f];J}hp NtYg;gps;is vd;gthplk; etuj;jpdk; vDk; itj;jpa E}ypw;Fg; ghlk; Nfl;lhh;. MWKf ehtyh; nra;j jkpo;f; fy;tp kWkyh;r;rpapd; gaid mDgtpj;jth;fSs; mrdhnyg;igAk; xUth; vd;Nw $wNtz;Lk;. MWKf ehtyh; mth;fs; irt E}y;fis trd eilapy; Mf;fpaJ Nghd;W ,th; ,];yhkpa E}y;fis trd eilapy; vOjhJ tpl;lik vkJ Jh;g;ghf;fpankd;Nw $wy; Ntz;Lk;.

nfhOk;gpy; cj;jpNahfk; tfpj;j fhyj;jpYk; mth; jkpo; ,yf;fpaj;jpy; <Lgl;ltuhfNt fhzg;gl;lhh;. nfhOk;gpy; tho;e;J te;J xU gpugy jufh; ,y;yj;jpy; ele;J te;j fk;guhkhaz tpsf;fj;jpw;F ,th; nry;tJz;nld;Wk;> xU ehs; ghly;fSf;Fg; gad; nrhy;YkhW rpyh; Ntz;bdh; vd;Wk;> ,th; ~~vdf;Fr; rhpj;jpuk; tpsq;fhJ|| vd;W $wpdhh; vd;Wk;> mjw;F mth;fs; ~~nrhy;nyhU nghUshfthtJ nrhy;Yq;fs;|| vd Ntz;bdh; vd;Wk;> gpd;dh; ,th; gad; nrhd;d Kiw ahtiuAk; Mde;jf; flypy; Mo;j;jpajdhy; mtNu md;W KO ehSk; gad; nrhy;y Ntz;b ,Ue;jJ vd;Wk; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. nfhOk;gpy; tho;e;j fhyj;jpy; mth; ,j;jifa ,yf;fpa tp\aq;fspYk; <Lgl;lhnudpDk;> mth; kdk; KOtJk; Mj;khh;j;j tplaq;fspNyNa <Lglj; njhlq;fpw;W. mwG nkhop ty;YeUk; kjj;Jiw mwpQUkhfpa nfhOk;G mg;Jh; u`;khd Mypk; rhfpG mth;fsplk; mwG gapd;whh;. ehafk; (]y;) mth;fsJ tho;f;if gw;wpAk;> ,khk; f];]hyp mth;fsJ Mf;fq;fspYk; mth; ftdk; nrYj;jpdhh;. thd; rhj;jpuj;ij Mh;tj;Jld; gapd;whh;.

nfhOk;gpy; rpy tUl fhyk; Ntiy nra;J gpd;dh; kPz;Lk; aho;g;ghzj;Jf;Fr; nrd;whh;. mq;F 1918Mk; Mz;Ltiu khtl;lg; nghwpapay; mYtyfj;jpy; flikahw;wpdhh;.

mrdhnyg;ig mth;fs; fhl;rpf;F vspauhAk; kdpjhgpkhdk; epiwe;jtuhfTk; ,Ue;jhh;. mf;fhyj;J cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; ~~hpf;\h|| tz;bapw; nry;tNj kughf ,Ue;jnjdpDk; mth; mjid ntWj;njhJf;fpj; ~~jpUf;fy; tz;b|| vdr; rduQ;rkhf miof;fg;gLk; xw;iw khl;L tz;bapNyNa nrd;W te;jhh;.

ghuk;ghpa tp\aq;fspYk; Mj;khh;j;jj; JiwapYNk mth; kdJ vg;nghOJk; yapj;jpUe;jJ.

mrdhnyg;ig mth;fsJ Mf;fq;fs; mtUf;Fj; jkpopy; ,Ue;j NguwptpidAk; ,];yhk; gw;wpa mtuJ Mo;e;j mwptpidAk; vLj;Jf; fhl;Ltdthf ,Uf;fpd;wd.

jkpo; kugpy; mjpfk; toq;fy; ngwhnjdTk;> rhjhuz jkpo; thrfh;fl;F ed;F tpsq;fhjdTkhfpa mwGj; njhlh;GfisAk; ,];yhkpaf; Nfhl;ghLfisAk; mth; jkJ ftpijfspy; ifahz;Ls;s Kiwik kuG jtwhJ Gjpad GFj;Jtjw;Fj; jiyrpwe;j cjhuzkhFk;. ,j;Jiwapy; cioj;j njd;dpe;jpa K];ypk; Gyth;fSld; rhpepfh; rkhdkhf epw;gth; ,th;. mtuJ ghly;fs; gy gf;jpg; ghly;fshfNt ,Uf;fpd;wd. ~~Gfo;g;ghtzp|| vDk; njhFg;gpNy tUk; ghly;fs; jd;ik epiyapy; epd;W jkpo; kuG jtwhJ ghlg;gl;l ghf;fshFk;. etuj;jpdj; jpUg;Gfs;> K`paj;jPd; Mz;lif mth;fs; Nghpy; Mrphpa tpUj;jk;> gjhapFg; gjpw;Wj; jpUf;fe;jhjp> rh`{y; `kPJ Mz;lifath;fs; Nghpy; Kdh[hj;J Kjypad mjpy; ,lk; ngWfpd;wd.

etepfO egpfs; ngUkhndd;wpirg;gtU
JjpguT epkyFUNt ntd wpKj;jpiuia
Esp nfhs; fapy; Gid FhprpNy kQ;nropw; ftpif-eapdhNu
eaDyT rpukpJntdh ntk;gjj;Jizf
spitfnsd Tzuhpa Nfhyk; gilj;jt nka;
eiwfkOkpadp jpaNk nghq;fUl; fZil kF%Nj 

K`paj;jPd; Mz;lif mth;fs; Nghpy; ghlg;ngw;w Mrphpa tpUj;jj;jpYk; Kdh[hj;jpYk;> jd;ik epiyg; gf;jp ntspg;ghL rpwg;Gw miktijf; fhzyhk;.


ahf;if tUj;Jk; td; gpzpAjkpjak; tUj;Jk; gy NehAk;
Cf;fnkhL te;jZfhkYs;sf; fspg;gpndikf;fhg;gPh;
Mf;fnkhL Tz;FJ ngd;Dkhpa gl;lQ; #bapfy;
Mf;fptpsq;Fk; jif rhd;w rhFy;fkPJ ehafNk  (Kdh[hj;J)

 

kiwnghUSk; rpj;jpuf; ftpAk;

kiw nghUs; itj;Jg; ghLtJk; rpj;jpuf; ftpghLtJk; mf;fhyj;J ,yf;fpa kuGfspy; xd;W. gjhapFg;gjpw;Wj; jpUf;fj;je;jhjpapYk; jpUehif epNuhl;l te;jhjpapYk; ,j;jifa ghly;fisf; fhzyhk;. ,g; ghly;fSf;Fj; jhNk gjTiu vOjpapUg;gJ ftdpj;jw;FhpaJ.

mrdhnyg;ig mth;fsJ ,yf;fpa tho;tpy; Kf;fpa ,lk;ngWtJ Fyhk; fhjpW ehtyUld; mth; nfhz;bUe;j njhlh;GfSk; m]dhnyg;igg; Gyth; mth;fspd; Gfopg;ghtzpiaf; fz;Zw;w Fyhk;fhjpW ehtyh; E}ypd; rpwg;Gf;fis tpae;J $wp ekJ GytUf;F xU fbjk; tiue;jhh;. md;W njhlq;fpa el;G ,Wjptiu ePbj;J mwGj; jkpo; ,yf;fpaj;jpw;Fg; ngUk; njhz;lhw;wpw;W. Gyth; mth;fs; ehtyhpd; fbjq;fisg; nghpJk; Ngzp te;jhh;. mf; fbjq;fspy; Fyhk; fhjpW ehtyh; mth;fs; Gytiu ~~jk;gp mrdhnyg;ig|| vd;Nw tpspj;jy; tof;fk;.

aho;g;ghzj;jpw;Fj; jhk; tutpUg;gjhff; $wpa Fyhk;fhjpW ehtyUf;F> ~~tUtjhdhy; Guhzk; xd;Wld; tUf|| vd md;Gg; gzpapl;lhh; mrdhnyg;ig. ehtyUk; wpghapah Guhzk; vDk; E}Yld; te;J Nrh;e;jhh;. ,JNt gpd;dh; MhpG ehafk; vd miof;fg;glyhapw;W. ,e; E}y; aho;g;ghzj;J tz;zhh;gz;izapNyNa muq;Nfw;wg;gl;lJ(1896). Fyhk;fhjpW ehtyh; aho;g;ghzj;jpypUe;j fhyj;jpNyNa Gyth; mth;fs; jpUehif ePNuhl;lkhf te;jhjpia vOjpf; nfhz;bUe;jhh;.

Gythpd; Gfo; jpf;nfl;Lk; gutpw;W. mwGj;jkpo; ,yf;fpak; gilj;Njhh; ahtUk; mrdhnyg;ig mth;fspd; rhw;W ftpiaj; jj;jk; E}ypw;fzpahff; nfhz;ldh;. Fyhk;fhjpW ehtyh; vOjpa jpUkf;fhj;jphpge;jhjp (1895) MhpG ehafk; (1896) eh$h;g; Guhzk; (1895) K`k;kJ K`papj;jPd; nyg;ig `h[pg; Gyth; vOjpa rhJyp ehafk; (1914) fhjpU K`papj;jPd; mz;zhtpahh; vOjpa gpf;`{khiy (1901) Mfpa E}y;fs; mrdhnyg;igg; Gythpd; rhw;W ftpfSld; ntspte;jd.

Mdhy; fhyQ; nry;yr; nry;y mth; ,];yhkpaj; jj;Jtj; Jiwapy; nghpJk; <Lgl;lhh;. mwGnkhopia ed;F gapd;W #gp Kiwj; jj;Jtq;fspy; rpwg;gwpT ngw;whh;.

fPh;j;jp tsh;e;jJ

nra;apJ K`k;kJ gSs; g+f;Nfhah jq;fs; mth;fs;> mrdhnyg;ig mth;fsJ mwpitAk; gf;jpiaAk; mwpe;J mtUf;Ff; fpyhgj;J vDk; gjtpapid toq;fpdhh;. fhjphpa;ahj; jhPf;fpd; [J}hpahg; gphptpd; jiytuhff; flikahw;Wtjw;fhd mjpfhuj;ij toq;Fk; ,e; epakdj;ij mrdhnyg;igapd; ,staJ fhuzkhf gyh; vjph;j;jdnudpDk; g+f;Nfhah jq;fs; mth;fs; mrdhnyg;igiag; Nghd;W jg;]Ph; ,yf;fpaj;jpy; rpwg;gwpT ngw;Nwhiuj; jhd; fhztpy;iy vdf; $wp mth; fPh;j;jpia epiyehl;bdhh;.

mwG nkhopapy; ty;Yeuhd mrdhnyg;igath;fs; mwgpapNy igj;Jf;fs; ,aw;wpdhh;. egpfs; ehafk; NghpYk; K`papj;jPd; mg;Jy; fhjpW Mz;lif mth;fs; NghpYk; jq;fs; IJW}]; NghpYk;> fhjphpa;ahj; jhPf;fpd; NghpYk; gy igj;Jf;fs; ,aw;wpdhh;.

gj;njhd;gjhk; E}w;whz;bd; gpw;gFjpapy; ,yq;ifapy; Njhd;wpa fyhrhu kWkyh;r;rpapd; ,];yhkpaf; nfhOe;J mrdhnyg;ig mth;fs;. ehtyh; tsh;j;j jkpo; kWkyh;r;rpia ,];yhkpaj; JiwAl; gha;r;rp mwGk; jkpOk; tsh;j;J mjdhy; jd; Mj;k Qhdj;ij Xk;gpath;@ <oj; jkpopw; fspj;Js;s ngUik kpF njhz;Lfspy; xd;W ekJ Gyth; mrdhnyg;igath;fs;.

mwG> jkpo;> Mq;fpyk; Mfpa Kk;nkhopfspYk; ty;Yeuhf tpsq;fpa ,th; Mw;wpa Nritfs; msg;ghpad.

~~Kk;nkhopapNy ty;Yeuha; %jwpTkpf;ftuha;

ek;nkhopAk; ek;newpAk; jioj;jplNt

nrk;ik newpjtwhJ rw`{newp jhk;Nktp mk;kk;k!

mth; nra;j mUe;njhz;il vd;ndd;Nghk;.||

nre;jkpo;r; Nrhiyaha;g; nghype;J epw;Fk; jPe;jkpo;f; ftpQh;

 

tz;lkpio mKjnkdg; Nghw;wp Vw;Wk;

   tskhh;ek; <oj;J ,];yhq; fz;l

gz;zpdpikf; ftptyth; mrdh nyg;ig

   ige;jkpoh; ypf;fpaj;jp dpurk; khe;jp

jz;lkpopd; [email protected] awG> Mq;fp yKk;

   jf;fgy ,yf;fzKq; fw;Wj; Njh;e;J

Jd;dpaey; E}Yzh;T kiwA Nkhh;e;J

   njhz;Ljkpo; nra;jpl;l GytuhFk;!

 

,iwje;j kiwNghj Nkhr;rq; fhl;b

   ve;jy;egp tho;f;ifAW newpA %l;b

fiwapyh ,rpyhj;jpd; tho;tp Ndw;wq;

   fhrpdpf; Nfhjpl;l Gdpjh %th;

epiwTW tho;Tila tpjpia> Nehf;if

   epiwj;[email protected] mzpnghUs;eaKQ;RitAQ;Nrh;j;J

~~jpUg;Gfo; ghtzp|| vd E}iy ahj;j

   jPj;jkpo; Gytuhk; mrdh nyg;ig

 

rpe;ijapw; fiyfhZ kht Ye;j

   jPe;jkpo; eiwAz;l md;dh uhf;fk;

nre;jkpo;r; rpwg;gpidr; nrg;gp epw;Fk;

   Njd;Ritf; ftpijap dlf;f khFk;

nre;jkpo;f; Nfzpapy; ePe;J Nthhpd;

   rpe;ijap DzthFk;! Ftpijf; Nfzp!

nre;jkpo;r; Nrhiyaha;g; nghype;J epw;Fk;

   njtpl;lhj njs;sKjf; fiyapd; $lk;.

 

     a+.vy;. jht+j; – 

 

 

 

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